CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE. UTOPIA OR REALITY?

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24021/raac.v19i1.6699

Palavras-chave:

Global warming. Climate change. Agriculture productivity. Food insecurity.

Resumo

Current estimates predict a world population growth of 9.6 billion by the year 2050, many of whom will live in countries already facing food insecurity. To feed this population, agricultural production will have to increase by approximately 50%, a difficult situation due to the effects of climate change. In order to achieve food production goals without putting the environment at risk, FAO, since 2009, has supported member countries in their initiatives to implement Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) that takes into account local and national specificities and priorities, to sustainably increase productivity and resilience, strengthen food security and mitigate damage from greenhouse gases (GHG). This literature review seeks to contribute to discussions on the recognition of the CSA concept, its applicability in agricultural systems and review advantages or disadvantages to face global climate change. In Brazil, there is growing concern, due to the country's high vulnerability and low development capacity to face environmental impacts. However, despite the attractiveness of the concept, specific criteria to guide the approaches and technologies to be used have not yet been defined.

Biografia do Autor

Andrés Chacón-Ortiz, Universidad Nacional Experimental del Táchira

Bachelor of Biology Degree. Master's Degree in Management and Conservation of Biodiversity in the Tropics, San Pablo CEU University, Spain. MSc Agronomy UNET, Venezuela. PhD student Agronomy - Genetics and Plant Breeding, UFPel.

Associated Professor, National Experimental University of Táchira (UNET), Animal Production Department, Táchira State, 5001, Venezuela.

Luciano Carlos Da Maia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Degree in Agronomy with Master´s degree and PhD in Agronomy- Genetics and Plant Breeding by UFPel. Develops quantitative genetics and biometrics in corn and rice.

Associated professor, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), Agronomy Faculty “Eliseu Maciel”, Phytotechnics Department, Campus Capão do Leão, Pelotas, RS 96010-610, Brazil.

Antonio Costa de Oliveira, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

MSc Agronomy - genetics and breeding, ESALQ/USP. PhD in Genetics, Purdue University.

Associated professor, of Genetics and Plant Improvement, Agronomy Faculty "Eliseu Maciel", Phytotechnics Department, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), Campus Capão do Leão, Pelotas, RS 96010-610, Brazil. Researcher 1A Cnpq, President of SBMP.

Camila Pegoraro, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Degree in Agronomy with Master's degree in Food Science and Technology and PhD in Sciences - Genetics and Plant Breeding by UFPel.

Assistant Professor, Agronomy Faculty “Eliseu Maciel”, Phytotechnics Department, Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel), Campus Capão do Leão, Pelotas, RS 96010-610, Brazil.

Publicado

2022-05-31