PERFORMANCE OF ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODES ON NEOLEUCINODES ELEGANTALIS (GUENÉE) (LEPIDOPTERA: CRAMBIDAE)

Autores

  • Dirceu Pratissoli UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO ESPÍRITO SANTO
  • ALIXELHE PACHECO DAMASCENA UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO ESPÍRITO SANTO
  • Débora Melo Ferreira Fragoso
  • José Romário de Carvalho
  • Amanda Carlos Túler
  • Luana Viana Faria
  • Luis Moreira de Araujo Junior

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24021/raac.v18i1.5575

Palavras-chave:

Broca pequena do fruto; juvenis infectivos, plantas de tomate.

Resumo

The use of entomopathogenic nematodes in pest management is an alternative to reduce the yield and/or damage losses caused by pests in several crops. The present study aimed to evaluate the performance of Heterorhabditis indica (Nemata: Rhabditida) and Steinernema carpocapsae (Nemata: Rhabditida), in pre-pupae of Neoleucinodes elegantalis (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) and determine the temporal viability of the pathogenicity of S. carpocapsae applied to soil. The nematode species were diluted in distilled water to 50, 65, 83, 107, 138, 178, 229, 295, 380 and 500 infective juveniles per pre-pupae (IJs insect-1) of N. elegantalis.  The mortality of pre-pupa of N. elegantalis was higher as the concentrations of both studied species increased. The nematode S. carpocapsae was the most effective, causing mortality of 82.93% in the concentration of 65 IJs insect-1 and an LC50 of 24.32 IJs insect-1. In the pathogenicity test, S. carpocapsae was applied in the concentration of 100 JI/cm² in pots previously planted with tomato seedlings. As positive control was used tomato seedlings treated with distilled water. S. carpocapse presented soil viability of 24 days. Thus, S. carpocapsae can be an important tool in the integrated pest management (IPM) of N. elegantalis.

Publicado

2021-03-07